Teens are still having sex, most use contraception

(CNN)American teenagers’ sex routines and contraceptive usage have not altered much over the previous years, inning accordance with a brand-new report from the National Survey of Family Growth, which is administered by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Since 1988, the CDC has actually been tracking the sexes and habits of United States teenagers age 15 to 19. The most recent numbers from the report launched Thursday included info collected in interviews with 4,134 teenagers from 2011 to 2015.
In that period, 42% of female teenagers and 44% of male teenagers reported having made love a minimum of as soon as, a 1% reduction for women and a 2% boost for males over the previous 4 years , covering 2006 to 2010. These distinctions are not statistically considerable.
      However, there was a considerable reduction in teenagers who reported making love in 2011 through 2015 compared with those who reported doing so in 1988. Contraceptive usage has actually likewise considerably increased throughout the years. Ninety percent of women now report utilizing contraceptives, compared to 80% in 1988. Males likewise reported more contraceptive usage, from 84% in 1988 to 95% from 2011 to 2015.
      Compared with the 2006-2010 report, the most recent study discovered that reported contraceptive usage increased from 86% to 90% in women and 93% to 95% in males, respectively. These rate distinctions were likewise not statistically substantial.

      The report likewise discovered that prophylactics, withdrawal and the contraceptive pill were still the most typically pre-owned kinds of contraception, with portions remaining consistent for many years.
      Aligned with these outcomes, the rates of teen pregnancy and births in the United States have actually been gradually reducing because the early 1990s. In 2015, a historical low of 22.3 births per 1,000 teenagers was taped.
      Joyce Abma, lead author of the report and a demographer at the CDC, stated it’s crucial to comprehend these patterns since teen pregnancy and sexually transferred infections are public health concerns.
      “Teen sex and contraceptive usage are the direct systems that cause teen pregnancy” and sexually transferred infections, Abma stated. “So understanding how widespread, how typical, those habits are and how they vary inning accordance with various subgroups, demographically, assists policy makers and professionals understand where and ways to use intervention.”
      The CDC study is carried out each year and includes in person interviews in individuals’ houses. Teenagers’ actions are collected in total personal privacy. And the concerns have actually not been altered because the study initially asked teenagers about their sex and contraceptive usage in 1988.
      Nicole Cushman, executive director of Answer , a nationwide company that offers sex education training to resources and instructors to young people, stated the study outcomes are more excellent news for teenagers.
      “This brand-new information truly validates the extension of patterns that we’ve been seeing for several years now in teenager sexual health,” she stated. “My take-away message from these patterns for many years is that youths are doing an excellent task at making accountable choices about their sexual health. I believe it actually reveals that when we gear up youths with the understanding and the abilities to safeguard their sexual health, they’re capable of deciding best for them.”

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      But Cushman likewise believes there might be space to broaden the scope of concerns on the yearly studies.
      “Very typically, when we take a look at reports like this, we get concentrated on the medical information around pregnancy avoidance and STD avoidance. And those are definitely essential subjects,” she stated. “But when we deal with real teenagers, exactly what they frequently advise us of is that these habits occur in the context of relationships. And teenagers truly are worried about the psychological elements of those relationships. That’s something we require to think about when crafting our sex ed and public health programs.”

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